Gas piping systems rely on pressure to supply natural gas. Gas flows from higher to lower pressure. After extracting natural gas, it travels along a road-like piping system to end up in distribution systems that carry the gas to your home. Natural gas comes to your home through a number of gas pipelines and local distribution companies.
It is sometimes stored in large storage facilities outside towns and cities so that it can then be distributed as needed to homes and businesses. Natural gas goes from the main pipe to a home or business on what is called a service line. Typically, the natural gas company is responsible for maintaining and operating the pipeline and facilities up to the residential gas meter. All equipment and gas supply lines downstream of the residential meter are the responsibility of the customer.
The natural gas we use to heat our homes and our water comes from the depths of the earth. The gas is found in layers of rock with small holes; the rock holds the gas like a sponge. To bring it to the surface, gas companies drill hundreds of feet and pump pipes. A house that has natural gas installation, the gas is delivered through pipes or tanks (they deliver it as compressed natural gas).
Most of the natural gas installation consumed in homes is for space heating and water heating. We also use it to power clothes dryers, lamps, ovens, stoves and other appliances. Some areas have natural gas pipelines that connect to your home through a gas meter. The gas supply used in these homes is based on methane, a natural hydrocarbon gas.
One way natural gas can pose a potential problem for a homeowner, Mr. DiBiase said, it is when there is a leak or break in the gas pipe buried outside the house. The pipes of the sewage system are reinforced to protect the interior of your home from exposure to human waste by-products. If your pipes are degraded, cracked, or broken, sewer gas can leak through them and enter your home.
Although the chances of an outside gas leak making its way into the house through the foundation are unlikely under ordinary circumstances, he said, the possibility increases in winter because frozen soil could prevent leaking gas from rising from the ground and instead force it to migrate to the base. Sewer gas can also leak into your home when the pipe vents are installed too close to a window or an outlet. Your state or province must have a list of licensed natural gas contractors, or you can also ask a natural gas supplier. If there are leaks in your plumbing system due to misplaced pipes or vents, you may be exposed to sewer gas.
Areas without natural gas pipelines can access gas in two ways, using liquefied natural gases (LNG) called propane and butane. Natural gas has a much lower pressure than propane, and its accessories allow more gas to flow than in a similar propane-based appliance. What consumers use as natural gas is not the way it comes out of the ground when drilling, natural gas is mainly composed of methane. When natural gas from a transmission pipeline reaches a local gas company, it usually passes through a gate station.
There are several possible causes for the smell of sewer gas in your home, most of which are the result of pipe failures. Leaking gas affects soil nutrients, so discolored soil and dead vegetation may indicate a pipe break. Despite the fact that the gas boilers and furnaces manufactured today meet high safety standards and maintain the installation of the natural gas line with strict safety and environmental standards, when maintenance or the boiler or furnace is ignored, they can quickly become unsafe and with little warning. All residential and commercial properties connected to the gas grid have a meter installed so that utilities can identify gas usage and send corresponding bills.
The installation of the natural gas line and the gas heaters manufactured today operate with a minimum hazard level. Once the gas has gone through processing, it is known as natural gas plant liquids (NGPL) or “dry natural gas”, which continues on its way. . .